PITTCON AWARDS PRESENTED
Preeminent achievements in analytical chemistry and spectroscopy are honored
LINDA R. RABER,C&EN WASHINGTON
An important function of the annual Pittsburgh Conference & Exhibition on Analytical Chemistry & Applied Spectroscopy is to recognize and honor scientists who have made outstanding contributions to analytical chemistry and applied spectroscopy. The following awards were presented at Pittcon in Orlando, Fla. (See page 27 for C&EN's coverage of the conference.)
Gary Horlick, professor of chemistry at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, received the 2003 Pittsburgh Spectroscopy Award from the Spectroscopy Society of Pittsburgh in recognition of his lifelong contributions to the development and characterization of new methods and systems for elemental analysis. Horlick has pioneered the application of linear image sensors (photodiode arrays) to atomic spectrochemical measurements, work that predated the commercial developments in this area by two decades.
Horlick received a B.S. degree from the University of Alberta in 1965 and a Ph.D. degree in 1970 from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. He joined the department of chemistry at Alberta in 1969.
His research interests are in the general area of analytical spectroscopy with emphasis on the development of new methods and systems for elemental analysis. Specific systems have been developed based on photodiode arrays and Fourier transform spectrometry, and new systems are now being developed based on acousto-optic tunable filters that could form the basis of an all-electronic spectrometer system.
Horlick received the Meggars Award of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy in 1985 and the Fisher Scientific Lecture Award from the Chemical Institute of Canada in 1987. In 1989, he received the Lester W. Strock Award of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy, and he was elected as a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1990. In 1996, he received the Spectrochemical Analysis Award from the American Chemical Society Division of Analytical Chemistry.
Jack L. Koenig, Donnell Institute Professor of the department of macromolecular science and engineering at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, received the 2003 Maurice F. Hasler Award recognizing his lifelong contributions in developing spectroscopic methods and instrumentation for polymers. Koenig is a leader in the application of
infrared, Raman, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to the study of macromolecules and in the development of education in polymer science and engineering. The Hasler Award is presented biannually by the Spectroscopy Society of Pittsburgh and is sponsored by Thermo Electron Corp. It recognizes notable achievements in spectroscopy that have resulted in significant applications of broad utility.
Koenig received a B.A. degree in chemistry and mathematics from Yankton College, Bismarck, N.D., in 1955, and an M.S. (1957) and Ph.D. (1959) in physical chemistry from the University of Nebraska. From 1959 to 1963, he was a research chemist at DuPont, where he began his work in the spectroscopy of polymers. In 1963, he moved to Case Institute of Technology as an assistant professor in polymer science. He has remained there since then, rising to Donnell Institute Professor in 1990. In 198586, he was a visiting professor at the University of Freiburg, in Germany.
Koenig's honors include the Pittsburgh Spectroscopy Award (1984), the Edward W. Morley Medal of the ACS Cleveland Section (1986), the Bomem-Michelson Award of the Coblentz Society (1993), and the ACS Award in Applied Polymer Science (1997). He was elected into the National Academy of Engineering in 2000.
The Society for Analytical Chemists of Pittsburgh presented the 2003 Pittsburgh Analytical Chemistry Award to George M. Whitesides, Mallinckrodt Professor of Chemistry & Chemical Biology at Harvard University. His research interests include materials science, biophysics, complexity, surface science, microfluidics, self-assembly, micro- and nanotechnology, and cell-surface chemistry.
PHOTO BY R. LISAK
Born in Louisville, Ky., Whitesides received an A.B. degree from Harvard in 1960 and a Ph.D. from California Institute of Technology in 1964. He was a member of the faculty of Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1963 to 1982. He joined the department of chemistry of Harvard in 1982.
Honors received by Whitesides include the ACS Award in Pure Chemistry (1975), the Harrison Howe Award of the ACS Rochester Section (1979), the Remsen Award of the ACS Maryland Section (1983), an ACS Arthur C. Cope Scholar Award (1989), the James Flack Norris Award of the ACS Northeastern Section (1994), the ACS Arthur C. Cope Award (1995), the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Award for Significant Technical Achievement (1996), the National Medal of Science (1998), the ACS Sierra Nevada Section's Distinguished Chemist Award (1999),the Wallac Oy Innovation Award in High Throughput Screening of the Society for Biomolecular Screening (1999), the Award for Excellence in Surface Science of the Surfaces in Biomaterials Foundation (1999), and the Von Hippel Award of the Materials Research Society (2000).
He is a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. He is also a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the New York Academy of Science, a foreign fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, and an honorary fellow of the Chemical Research Society of India.
The 2003 Pittsburgh Analytical Chemistry Award symposium included presentation of the award followed by Whitesides' technical presentation titled "New Tools for Bioanalysis." Follow-up speakers included Nick Abbott, the University of Wisconsin; David R. Walt, Tufts University; Milan Mrksich, the University of Chicago; and Chris Chen, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.
The 2003 Pittsburgh Conference Achievement Award was presented to Owe Orwar of the department of physical chemistry at Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden. This award recognizes Orwar's substantial and significant achievements in the creation of nanoscale analytical systems and their application to scientific problems in bioanalytical and biophysical chemistry.
A symposium was held to celebrate Orwar's contributions to the study of the dynamic properties of nanoscale systems at the level of single nanoparticles, single molecules, and single chemical bonds. An understanding of chemical dynamics on this scale is crucial to furthering the objectives of nanoscience and nanotechnology, which can be described as the construction of devices one atom or one molecule at a time. Nanoscience and nanotechnology represent the future of electronic and biomedical devices.
During his award address, Orwar described the construction of nanoscale chemical laboratories using lipid bilayer networks conjugated with nanotubes that are 50150 nm in radius. He also discussed the integration of microfluidic systems with cell-based biosensors and their applications in high-throughput screening of ion channeling and interactions. Paul S. Weiss, Pennsylvania State University; Evan Evans, Boston University; Daniel Chiu, University of Washington; and Xiaoling Sunney Xie, Harvard University, made presentations at the award symposium.
Richard L. McCreery, Dow Professor of Chemistry at Ohio State University (OSU), received the Charles N. Reilly Award of the Society for Electroanalytical Chemistry. McCreery's research has involved spectroscopic probes of electrochemical processes. Applications have included electroanalysis, electrochemical corrosion, and anticorrosion coatings for aircraft alloys.
McCreery received a B.S. degree in chemistry in 1970 from the University of California, Riverside. He received his Ph.D. degree in chemistry from the University of Kansas in 1974, working on neurochemical applications of voltammetry. He then joined the chemistry faculty at OSU, where he has remained.
McCreery has made important contributions to a number of areas in electroanalytical chemistry and analytical Raman spectroscopy. A main research emphasis, over the years, has been the development of spectroscopic techniques to probe electrochemical processes, with the goal of relating electrode surface structure to electrochemical reactivity. Of particular interest have been carbon electrode surfaces, for which Raman spectroscopy can provide surface and bulk structural information. Much of the current understanding in the field of carbon electrochemistry has resulted from the thorough and innovative work by the McCreery group.
An additional application of surface spectroscopy has been a multidisciplinary project on anticorrosion coatings for aircraft alloys, in which the surface chemistry of chromate species is an essential component of understanding the effectiveness of commonly used coatings. McCreery's current research is focused on molecular electronics, in which modified carbon surfaces are integrated into electronic circuits. Monolayers of molecules covalently attached to the electrode surfaces serve electronic functions such as memory, photoreception, and switching.
He has received several notable awards, including a Sloan Fellowship (1981), an OSU Distinguished Research Award (1982), the Rappoport Award from the Ohio Valley Section of the Society of Applied Spectroscopy (1996), and the ACS Analytical Chemistry Division's Award in Electrochemistry (2000).
The Society for Electroanalytical Chemistry Young Investigator Award was presented to Julie Macpherson. Macpherson has been a Royal Society University Research Fellow in the department of chemistry at the University of Warwick, in England, since 1999 and has held a parallel faculty position since 2000. She received her Ph.D. in chemistry under the supervision of Patrick Unwin at the University of Warwick. In early work, her research focused on the development of the scanning electrochemical microscope (SECM), with particular emphasis on the understanding of dissolution phenomena at the microscopic level. Her postdoctoral work involved the establishment of novel hydrodynamic microelectrode techniques to facilitate the investigation of fast heterogeneous electron-transfer reactions and the trace-level detection of analytes. In particular, she pioneered the development of the microjet electrode and the radial-flow microring electrode.
Since assuming a faculty position, her work has focused on the development of high-resolution imaging techniques. Macpherson has developed procedures for the fabrication of nanometer-sized electrodes for electrochemical imaging and dual functionality SECM-AFM (atomic force microscopy) probes for simultaneous electrical or electrochemical and topographical imaging. This technology has been applied to biomedical- and materials-related problems. Recent work has seen the use of electrically contacted, single-walled, carbon nanotube-AFM probes for ultra-high resolution studies.
She received Molecular Imaging's Scanning Probe Microscopist Award (1999) and holds grants for her research program from the U.K.'s Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council, the Wellcome Trust, Unilever, Syngenta, and Avecia.
William S. Hancock, president of proteomics development for Thermo Finnigan Corp., was honored with the Stephen Dal Nogare Award for 2003. The award is presented by the Chromatography Forum of the Delaware Valley; it honors outstanding work in separation sciences.
THERMO FINNIGAN PHOTO
Hancock received a Ph.D. in organic chemistry and biochemistry in 1970 and a D.Sc. in 1993 from the University of Adelaide, in Australia. He was a reader in chemistry and biochemistry at Massey University, New Zealand, from 1972 to 1985; a visiting scientist at the Bureau of Drugs, U.S. Food & Drug Administration, in 1984; director of analytical chemistry and staff scientist at Genentech from 1985 to 1994; principal laboratory scientist at HP Labs from 1994 to 1997; adjunct professor of chemical engineering at Yale University in 1996; and gained his current position in 2000.
Hancock, who serves as editor of ACS's Journal of Proteome Research, has received a number of honors, including the Martin Gold Medal in Separation Science of the British Chromatographic Society (2000); Barnett Lecturer, Northeastern University (1992); and the Walter Burfitt Prize & Research Medal of the Royal Society of New South Wales for Pure or Applied Scientific Research (1984).
The recipient of the 2003 Bomem-Michelson Award is Peter R. Griffiths, chairman of the department of chemistry at the University of Idaho, Moscow. The award is given annually by the Coblentz Society and is sponsored by Bomem Inc. to honor scientists who have advanced vibrational, molecular, Raman, or electronic spectroscopy.
Griffiths obtained his B.A. and Ph.D. in chemistry from Oxford University.
After a postdoctoral stint at the University of Maryland, College Park, he worked with Digilab on the development of the first FTIR spectrometer of the modern era. He subsequently held positions with Sadtler Research Labs, Ohio University, and the University of California, Riverside, before being appointed as chairman of the department of chemistry at the University of Idaho. Most of his work over the past 30 years has involved the development of better ways of measuring IR spectra, including the optics for diffuse reflection spectroscopy and the chromatography/FTIR interface. Much of the effort in his lab over the past four or five years has involved development of the hardware and software for open-path FTIR spectrometry and investigations into surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectrometry for reducing the detection limits of direct-deposition interfaces between gas and liquid chromatographs and the identification of intermediates in electrochemical reactions.
Griffiths has received several honors and awards, including the Coblentz Award (1975) and the Fritz Prëgl Medal of the Austrian Society of Analytical Chemistry, the Gold Medal Award of the New York Society for Applied Spectroscopy (SAS), and the University of Idaho Award for Research & Creative Activity, all in 1995. Last year, he was awarded honorary membership of SAS for his contributions to the field of IR spectroscopy. He was president of SAS in 1994 and still maintains an active interest in the society, including being an associate editor of Applied Spectroscopy.
The Williams-Wright Award of the Coblentz Society was presented to Neil Everall, a business research associate for
vibrational spectroscopy in ICI's measurement science group in the U.K. He received the medal for his work on the development and application of vibrational spectroscopy techniques for characterizing materials and industrial processes.
Everall's research in recent years has included infrared and Raman studies of polymer structure, modeling the spatial response and depth resolution of the confocal Raman microscope, process analysis with Raman spectroscopy, and materials characterization using IR and Raman mapping/imaging. Most recently, he has been studying picosecond Raman scattering in powders with regard to fluorescence rejection and also photon migration effects.
He received a B.S. in chemistry with chemical physics from the University of York, in England, and a Ph.D. from the University of Durham, in England. After a postdoctoral position at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in Oxford researching high-power ultraviolet lasers, he joined ICI in 1988 to establish a Raman spectroscopy facility. For the past nine years, he has led the IR and Raman spectroscopy activity in ICI's measurement science group.
Franklin E. Barton II, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Athens, Ga., received the 2002 Tomas P. Hirschfeld Award of the International Committee for Near Infrared Spectroscopy for his career work in near-IR. He has worked at USDA since 1971 and is currently a supervisory research chemist.
Barton received a B.S. degree in chemistry with a minor in mathematics from North Georgia College, Dahlonega, and a Ph.D. in organic chemistry in 1969 from the University of Georgia, Athens. From 1969 until 1970, he served in the Army as a captain at Fort Sill, Okla., and in Vietnam. During 197071, he served as a research chemist at the University of Georgia, before joining USDA.