The current trend for many companies is to engage in international collaboration. Collaboration can be intracompany or intercompany. Many companies have reorganized their internal R&D and analytical departments globally to maximize their effectiveness and to facilitate cooperation. Externally, collaboration can involve exchange of samples, information sharing, cooperative agreements, joint developments, or joint ventures. International collaborations can help innovation through increased speed of R&D, decreased cost, access to a greater talent pool, greater responsiveness to local markets and needs, and shared risks. Furthermore, individual scientists and engineers can benefit from international collaborations. These are especially useful if there are complementary skills among the collaborators. Collaborations can entail division of labor in a project, use of particular equipment to facilitate research, and exchange of personnel. Collaborations can also facilitate the recruitment of talented students or postdoctoral fellows to work in an institute or a laboratory. In fact, more than 35% of scientific research articles today are the result of international collaborations among researchers from different countries, the Royal Society reports.
by H. N. Cheng, Chair, International Activities Committee |
December 15, 2014